smart notes on indian modern history pdf download
Download Smart Notes on Indian Modern History Pdf
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Today we are sharing smart notes on Indian Modern History (English). These notes are very important to many exams like SSC CGL, CHSL, Indian Railways RRB NTPC (Non Technical), IBPS, LIC, SIDBI, Delhi Police etc.
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INDIA UNDER THE ENGLISH EAST INDIA COMPANY
The English East India Company
The English East India Company was established on 31 December 1600 as per the Royal Charter issued by the Queen of England, Elizabeth I.
• The Company had sent Captain Hawkins to the court of the Mughal Emperor, Jahangir in 1608 to secure permission to establish a “factory” (store house of goods) at Surat
• It was turned down initially
• However, in 1613, Jahangir issued the firman permitting the East India Company to establish its first trading post at Surat.
• Accordingly, the English set up business centres at Agra, Ahmedabad and Broach
• In 1639, Francis Day established the city of Madras and constructed the Fort St. George.
• On the west coast, the Company obtained Bombay on lease from their King, Charles II for a rent of 10 pounds per annum in 1668.
• By the year 1690, Job Charnock, the agent of the East India Company purchased three villages namely, Sutanuti, Govindpur and Kalikatta, which, in course of time, grew into the city of Calcutta.
• After the Battle of Plassey in 1757and the Battle of Buxar in 1764, the Company became a political power.
• India was under the East India Company’s rule till 1858 when it came under the direct administration of the British Crown.
• Robert Clive was the first Governor of Fort William under the Company’s rule.
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